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What is Hematuria?

Hematuria is simply defined as the presence of blood in the urine. The occurrence of blood in the urine can be very alarming and cause for great concern. By learning more about why the hematuria is occurring, you can better understand the need to immediately seek the care of a urologist for further testing. It is important to note that hematuria may be microscopic, meaning you would only know you have it after a lab examination. Learn more about the range of ways hematuria occurs, so that you understand the range of risk associated with the presence of blood in the urine.

1. Urinary Tract Infection

When bacteria enters the urethra, it may cause a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI). Symptoms of a UTI include pain or burning during urination, the frequent urge to urinate, and a strong urine odor. It may also present itself as microscopic blood in the urine during a checkup. With antibiotics prescribed by your doctor, the UTI will usually subside.

2. Bladder Stone or Kidney Stone

Kidney and bladder stones are known for being extremely painful when there is a blockage or they are passing through the urinary tract. They form due to concentrated amounts of minerals collecting on the walls of the kidney (kidney stones) or bladder (bladder stones). They also can present gross or microscopic hematuria. You should immediately seek medical attention if you believe you have a bladder or kidney stone to determine appropriate treatment if needed.

3. Kidney Infection

When bacteria enters the bloodstream and reaches the kidneys, you may have a kidney infection. Symptoms include pain on your sides and lower back, a fever, and burning/frequent urination. You may also present microscopic hematuria due to a kidney infection.

4. Kidney Disease

Microscopic hematuria may unfortunately point to kidney disease, which can be triggered by infection, diabetes, or other diseases. Your urologist will be able to address the kidney disease with the right medications to improve your quality of life.

5. Enlarged Prostate

As men age, their prostate naturally enlarges. This is called prostatitis. Prostatitis causes the prostate to compress the urethra, which in turn blocks urine flow. An enlarged prostate may also cause the presence of blood in the urine. Men should seek the care of a urologist to check on the enlargement of the prostate and determine if it is serious.

6. Cancer

Another, more serious, implication of hematuria is advanced stage cancer of the bladder, kidney cancer, or prostate cancer. Your doctor will help you determine the best course of action based on the severity and progression of the cancer.

7. Certain Medications

If you are on any medications, they may be to blame for the visible blood in your urine. However, this does not mean that the hematuria should be ignored. You should always seek a professional opinion if you notice blood in your urine, even if you believe medication to be to blame. This will rule out any other serious causes for concern.

8. Kidney Injury

Hematuria may present itself if you incur a serious injury to the kidney(s). For example, if you are in a car accident or are the victim of a direct blow to that region, you may notice blood in your urine. Tell your doctor immediately if you notice blood in your urine after getting in any sort of accident – no matter how minor you believed it to be.

Call a Urologist in NJ Today

Long story short, visible hematuria should be an immediate red flag and requires you to see a urologist or medical professional as soon as possible. The reasons for hematuria, both microscopic and visible, range from easy-to-treat infections all the way to cancer. Whatever the cause, speaking with a urologist will give you a clear understanding of where this blood is coming from, why it is occurring, and what you can do to address the root cause of the hematuria.

For expert urology care you can trust, look no further than Dr. Ron Israeli. With decades of experience treating everything from bladder infections to kidney stones to urological cancer – Dr. Ron Israeli is prepared to help you achieve a healthy urologic system. Contact us today to schedule a consultation in Livingston, NJ.