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Understanding Acute Bacterial Prostatitis and Its Main Causes

There are many types of conditions only males are able to acquire, based on their particular body parts and organs only they have. Acute bacterial prostatitis is one of those specific conditions that males can come to acquire – and while it is common and easily managed, it’s far from enjoyable to have. If you have recently been diagnosed with acute bacterial prostatitis, or would like to learn more about what causes the condition, it’s important to understand the full picture.

Defining Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

It’s important to first understand what the prostate gland is before defining acute bacterial prostatitis. The prostate is a small organ, in the shape of a walnut, that sits at the bladder’s base. The main function of the prostate is to produce fluid that nourishes the sperm – so when a male ejaculates, the prostate gland squeezes that fluid into the urethra, making up a big part of the semen in a man’s body. When the prostate gland becomes inflamed suddenly, acute bacterial prostatitis occurs. This sudden inflammation is typically brought on by the same type of bacteria that causes urinary tract infections, as well as sexually transmitted diseases. These bacteria can travel to your prostate from your blood.

Symptoms of Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

There are a handful of symptoms that men are bound to experience when they have acute bacterial prostatitis. While some of these symptoms are not as concerning as others, each one still matters, and should be taken seriously. If a man feels any of the warning signs, he should contact a urologist as soon as possible to be officially diagnosed and treated. Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis include, but are not limited to, chills, pain while urinating, fever, pelvic pain, urine that smells foul, blood in the urine, difficulty urinating, trouble emptying your bladder, discomfort during bowel movements, pain above the pubic bone, pain in the genital, testicle or rectum, an increased frequency of urination and blood in the semen.

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis Causes

As stated in the name of the troublesome condition, acute bacterial prostatitis is caused by any type of bacteria that brings about urinary tract infections. The three most common kinds of bacteria that cause both acute bacterial prostatitis and urinary tract infections include Proteus species, Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli. Additionally, acute bacterial prostatitis can also be caused by the same bacteria that causes sexually transmitted diseases. Aside from the bacteria factors, a few other conditions can cause prostatitis. These conditions include phimosis, bladder outlet obstruction, the use of urinary catheters or cystoscopy, a perineum injury, urethritis and epididymitis.

Treating Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

Antibiotics are the norm when it comes to treatment for acute bacterial prostatitis, and most urologists recommend being on them for four to six weeks, to ensure that all the symptoms have subsided and that the bacteria are completely out of the body. Another prescription you might receive to treat acute bacterial prostatitis are for alpha-blockers. Alpha-blockers help relieve symptoms – they can decrease urinary discomfort and relax your bladder muscles. More common over-the-counter options can also be taken for the treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis, such as ibuprofen. Additionally, doctors might recommend small, manageable lifestyle changes while patients are recovering from acute bacterial prostatitis. These lifestyle changes could include avoiding padded shorts, which adds pressure to the prostate; eliminating alcohol and caffeine from your daily diet; sit on a pillow or cushion throughout the day; and take warm baths instead of showers each morning or night.

Schedule an Appointment at Ron Israeli, M.D., PC’s Office

An acute bacterial prostatitis diagnosis should not be taken lightly. If you are located in or around Livingston, New Jersey, then we strongly encourage you to visit the office of Dr. Ron Israeli – a board certified urologist and prostate cancer specialist. Dr. Israeli and his staff treat a wide variety of conditions for men, and acute bacterial prostatitis is no different. If you believe you have somehow acquired acute bacterial prostatitis, please contact us by calling 973-251-2055, or by filling out an online form on our website to schedule your appointment.