It doesn’t matter whether you live a healthy lifestyle or not, many doctors will still recommend prostate cancer screening once you are in your 50’s. If you have any sort of risk factors associated with prostate cancer, you should get tested even sooner. However, it is a controversial topic amongst the medical industry whether you should get screened for prostate cancer or not, especially if there are not symptoms involved. When you talk to your doctor about the possibility of prostate screening, you can discuss the options below and choose the right prostate cancer testing option for you.

Prostate Cancer Screening Options

Digital Rectal Exam

The most common and well-known way to test for prostate cancer is the digital rectal exam, also known as DRE. During this screening option, your doctor will insert a lubricated and gloved finger into the rectum. This is because the prostate is adjacent to the rectum. During the digital rectal exam, your doctor is looking for any abnormalities in the texture, shape or size of your glands. If any of this is found it may call for another separate prostate cancer test.

Prostate-Specific Antigen Test

A prostate-specific antigen, also known as PSA, is a substance that is naturally produced by your prostate gland. For this test, your doctor will take a blood sample from your arm to test the levels of prostate-specific antigen. If there is a small amount of PSA, that is very common and nothing to cause concern. But, it becomes a problem when there is a higher than normal level found in your bloodstream. This can mean a prostate infection, inflammation, enlargement or even prostate cancer.

How to Diagnose Prostate Cancer

Pending the results of your digital rectal exam or prostate-specific antigen test, you could possibly need more tests to assist in the diagnosis of the prostate cancer.

Ultrasound

One of the options to further diagnose the possibility of prostate cancer is a transrectal ultrasound. During this ultrasound, a small probe is inserted into your rectum, once again because your prostate gland is adjacent to your rectum. The sound waves from the ultrasound make a picture of your prostate gland for your doctor to observe and analyze.

Prostate Tissue Sample

Depending on the initial prostate screening, your doctor may advise you to get a prostate biopsy done. A prostate biopsy is a procedure done to collect a sample of cells from your prostate. It is conducted by inserting thin needle into the prostate that will collect the tissue. The doctor will then analyze the prostate tissue sample to determine if there is cancer present or not.

Other Prostate Cancer Tests

There are still different ways to test for prostate cancer. One of the next prostate cancer tests is issued to determine how aggressive the prostate cancer is. The most common way to determine the aggressiveness of your prostate cancer is the Gleason score. It is also important to test or determine how far the cancer has spread. There are a number of different imaging tests to determine the extent of the cancer, which is necessary in order for treatment to begin.

Prostate Cancer Screening in New Jersey

It is always a difficult thing to face the possibility of having cancer, especially prostate cancer in men. You may be scared to get tested but the earlier prostate cancer gets detected, the better. There are also many different types of prostate cancer screening. In New Jersey, there is no one better than Dr. Ron Israeli at prostate cancer screening and treatment. Dr. Ron Israeli is a certified urologist and a prostate cancer specialist who can help you get tested for prostate cancer. To learn more, contact us today.