Your Bladder Cancer Prognosis and Medical Solutions

Bladder Cancer is a type of cancer that begins in your bladder, the balloon-shaped organ in your pelvic area that stores urine. Bladder cancer begins most often in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. Symptoms of bladder cancer include blood presence in urine, frequent urination, painful urination, back pain, and pelvic pain. It is important to talk with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms, so that timely treatment can be performed.

Radical Nephrectomy For Bladder Cancer in NJ

One treatment option available is radical nephrectomy. Radical nephrectomy is a surgery to remove the tumor, the entire kidney, and surrounding tissue from the bladder. If nearby tissue and surrounding lymph nodes are also affected by the disease, a radical nephrectomy and lymph node dissection is performed. A radical nephrectomy and lymph node dissection is the removal of the lymph nodes affected by the cancer.  If the cancer has spread to the adrenal gland or nearby blood vessels, the surgeon may remove the adrenal gland in a procedure called an adrenalectomy, as well as parts of the blood vessels. Side effects of this procedure include kidney disease or failure, hypertension, hemorrhage, infection, injury to other organs, heart attack or stroke, and problems breathing.

Laparoscopic Surgery For Bladder Cancer in New Jersey

Another procedure available to bladder cancer patients is laparoscopic surgery. This surgery involves surgeon making several small incisions, rather than the one large incision in the abdomen used in traditional surgery. Then the surgeon inserts telescoping equipment into these small, keyhole incisions to remove the kidney completely or perform a partial nephrectomy. This procedure is preferred among patients because it is minimally invasive and has a much shorter recovery time than the traditional surgery. Risks include fever or chills, redness, swelling, bleeding, increased pain around the incision, vomiting, difficulty urinating, hypothermia, difficulty urinating, and coagulation disorders.

Radiofrequency Ablation For Bladder Cancer

Radiofrequency ablation is the use of a needle inserted into the tumor to destroy the cancer with an electrical current. This procedure is performed by a radiologist or urologist. The patient is sedated and given local anesthesia to numb the area. Side effects of this procedure include infection, swelling and bruising, bleeding at insertion site, and discomfort.

Cryoblation For Bladder Cancer

Cryoablation is the freezing of cancer cells with a metal probe inserted through a small incision. The metal probe is placed into the cancerous tissue using a CT scan and ultrasound as guidance. The procedure requires general anesthesia for several hours. Side effects include infections, bleeding, blood clot, blood vessel or heart injuries, abnormal heart rhythm, and heart attack.

Targeted Therapy For Bladder Cancer in NJ

Another therapy option available is targeted therapy, a treatment that targets the cancer’s specific genes, proteins, or the tissue environment that contributes to cancer growth and survival. This type of treatment blocks the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting damage to healthy cells. Drugs like this are becoming more important in the treatment of kidney cancer. Side effects include hot flashes, breast tissue growth, weight gain, and impotence.

Immunotherapy For Bladder Cancer

Immunotherapy is a treatment of allergy shots designed to boost the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. It uses materials made either by the body or in a laboratory to improve, target, or restore immune system function. Kidney cancer may be one of the few cancers that the body’s immune system can fight, which often makes immunotherapy effective in treating kidney cancer. Side effects of immunotherapy include fatigue, swelling at injection site, nausea, diarrhea, and fever.  

External-Beam Radiation Therapy For Bladder Cancer

The most common type of radiation treatment is called external-beam radiation therapy. This treatment of radiation is given from a machine outside the body. When radiation treatment is given using implants, it is called internal radiation therapy or brachytherapy. For kidney cancer, internal radiation therapy is given using a hollow needle to insert radioactive seeds directly into a tumor. Side effects of radiation therapy are diarrhea, hair loss in treatment area, nausea and vomiting, sexual changes, swelling, trouble swallowing, and urinary and bladder changes.

Chemotherapy For Bladder Cancer

Lastly, chemotherapy is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Chemotherapy is popular and effective in killing cancer cells. There are many side effects and risks to chemotherapy, including nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, loss of appetite, fever, mouth sores, heart problems, infertility, kidney problems, nerve damage, and risk of second cancer relapse.  

Treatment For Bladder Cancer in New Jersey

News of any kind of cancer is a significant life event. During this stressful time, your urologist will consult you on the best treatment route to take based on the aggressiveness of your bladder cancer. The staff at Ron S. Israeli MD, PC will ensure you are taken care of during this hard time, and get you back to living a healthy lifestyle. Contact us today to get started!