Prostate specific antigen, also known as PSA, is a protein that is produced by cancerous and noncancerous tissues in your prostate. The prostate is a small gland that is found just below a man’s bladder. Prostate specific antigen in men is mostly found in their semen, which also is produced by the male prostate. In addition, there are some small amounts of prostate specific antigen that circulates in blood. It is common for men to use PSA tests, which is a blood test that screens for prostate cancer. You need to consistently check your PSA levels, because the more elevated your PSA levels, the more problematic it can be.
Prostate Specific Antigen Testing in NJ
The main purpose of a PSA test is to trace the amount of PSA that is present in a man’s blood. If you have higher levels of PSA, it is more likely that you have prostate cancer present in your body. Prostate specific antigen tests also are commonly used to monitor men who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer to track if it has responded to therapy. The test is one of many different tools that is used to screen for early signs of prostate cancer.
Benefits of Prostate Specific Antigen Testing
An obvious benefit, one already discussed, is that PSA testing can help you detect prostate cancer present in your body at an early age. Any type of cancer is more likely to be cured if you are diagnosed in its early stages. It is especially beneficial for prostate cancer because it is possible for men to never have any symptoms. It can go unnoticed because it progresses over many years.
Expectations of a PSA Test
For your PSA test, either a nurse, medical technician or cancer specialist will use a needle to draw blood from a vein. Typically, they’ll take blood from an arm. The blood sample that is drawn is then analyzed in the laboratory to measure the level of your prostate specific antigen.
● Prostate Biopsy
A PSA test is usually done through a prostate biopsy. A prostate biopsy is a procedure that removes samples of suspicious tissue from the prostate. During the prostate biopsy, a fine needle is used to collect a number of tissue samples from the prostate gland. Following the procedure, tissue samples from the prostate biopsy are examined under a microscope for cell abnormalities that are signs of prostate cancer. The side effects of PSA tests include infection, blood in semen, bleeding at the site of the biopsy and difficulty urinating.
Prostate Cancer Treatment in New Jersey
If you have elevated prostate specific antigen, it is not a sure sign that you have cancer, but you should be concerned. In order to have these tests performed, you need to visit your local cancer specialist. In New Jersey, there is no one better at prostate cancer treatment than Dr. Ron Israeli in Livingston. He specializes in urology and prostate cancer services. To make your appointment for your prostate specific antigen test, contact Dr. Ron Israeli today!