What is Hematuria?

When you visit your healthcare provider, such as a urologist, it is common that you give a urine sample for testing. These urine tests are used to check for the presence of sugar, bacteria or blood in your urine. Hematuria is when there is blood present in your urine, either microscopic hematuria or gross hematuria. It is common for the presence of blood to cause concern, and even though it is usually a benign case, there are serious disorders related to hematuria.

Symptoms of Hematuria

The most common symptom of hematuria is the visible symptom. If your urine is pink, red or cola colored, it is a sign of hematuria and the presence of red blood cells. It does not take much blood in order for your urine to become discolored. Gross hematuria is when the blood in your urine is visible to the naked eye. Microscopic hematuria is when there is blood in your urine only visible through a microscope. If any blood at all is noticeable in your urine, however, you should contact your doctor.

Causes of Hematuria

When hematuria occurs, it is a direct result of either your kidney or another part of your urinary tract allowing blood cells into your urine. There are a number of different problems that can cause the leakage of these blood cells.

●      Urinary Tract Infections

UTIs occur when bacteria enters through your urethra and multiplies in your bladder. The only sign of UTIs for some people is microscopic blood in your urine.

●      Kidney Infection

These can occur when bacteria enters the kidney from the bloodstream or from the ureters to the kidneys.

●      Kidney Stones

Concentrated urine can precipitate out and form on the walls of your kidney or bladder. Bladder or kidney stones can cause microscopic or gross bleeding, or hematuria, in your urine.

●      Enlarged Prostate

When your prostate enlarges as you grow older, it can compress the urethra, which will partially block the flow of urine. It can cause urinating difficulties, urinary incontinence and gross or microscopic blood in the urine.

●      Kidney Disease

A common symptom of kidney disease, which also can cause hematuria, is urinary bleeding. It is usually microscopic bleeding and can cause inflammation of the kidney filtering system.

●      Kidney Injury

A direct blow or injury to your kidneys from any activity can cause hematuria, usually blood in the urine you can see.

●      Inherited Disorders

Any inherited disorder, such as sickle cell anemia, can cause both gross or microscopic hematuria.

●      Medications

Blood thinners, anti-cancer drugs, penicillin and aspirin are among the drugs that can cause blood to appear in your urine.

●      Cancer

The most serious cause of hematuria is cancer. If there is any visible blood in your urine, it could be a sign for kidney cancer, bladder cancer or prostate cancer.

Diagnosis of Hematuria

During almost any doctor visit, a part of the diagnosis is examining a person’s medical history, accompanied by a physical exam. Your doctor also will conduct a urine test, and will conduct an additional one if your first test showed blood in your urine. To find the cause of the hematuria, it is likely that your doctor will recommend an imaging test, such as a CT scan or an MRI. Another way to diagnose hematuria and the related causes is a cystoscopy, which inserts a small camera into your bladder to examine for any signs of diseases.

Hematuria Treatment in New Jersey

When you see blood in your urine, it can be a frightening experience. You may begin asking why or how it is happening, and how to make it go away. Dr. Ron Israeli in Livingston, New Jersey, can help diagnose and treat hematuria. He specializes in the treatment of all urological conditions, as well as prostate cancer. Contact Dr. Ron Israeli today to schedule your appointment.