What is Kidney Cancer?

Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is when your kidney cells become cancerous and a tumor forms. Most kidney cancer occurrences happen in the lining of tubules in the kidney. The technical term for this type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma. Most kidney cancers are found and diagnosed before they spread to any other organs in the human body. Kidneys are important to the human anatomy because their function is to clean your blood, make urine and remove any waste products in your body.

Causes of Kidney Cancer

There has yet to be a definitive cause determined by doctors for kidney cancer. There are however a number of different factors that can increase your chances of getting kidney cancer. One of the first major risk factors for kidney cancer is age, because people over the age of 40 suffer from kidney cancer more often. Men are also twice as likely to get kidney cancer than women. If you smoke, use certain pain medications or are obese, you are also at risk for developing kidney cancer. Other factors that cannot be helped are having certain genetic conditions,  family history of kidney cancer, or being exposed to certain chemicals.

Symptoms of Kidney Cancer

In the beginning stages of kidney cancer there aren’t many symptoms, but as the tumor grows larger more symptoms become noticeable. The most common symptoms of kidney cancer include:

  • Bloody/discolored urine
  • Lump in your abdomen
  • Lack of appetite
  • Constant pain in your side
  • Unexplainable weight loss
  • Long lasting fever
  • Fatigue
  • Anemia
  • Ankle/Leg swelling
  • Coughing up blood
  • Shortness of breath

Diagnosis of Kidney Cancer

If your doctor finds one of the mentioned symptoms present, he or she will still need to properly diagnose your kidney cancer with a physical exam, health history and other tests. Some of the other tests your doctor will use to properly diagnose kidney cancer are urine tests, blood tests, IVP, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI and renal arteriogram.

Prevention of Kidney Cancer

Since there is no distinct cause  of kidney cancer, there is then in turn no exact prevention of kidney cancer. However, since there are a number of risk factors, you can do things to prevent those factors. A few things you can do to prevent kidney cancer is stop smoking, maintain a healthy weight, manage your blood pressure, and watch exposure to harmful chemicals.

Kidney Cancer Specialists in New Jersey

Kidney cancer is a serious condition that needs to be diagnosed properly and treated immediately. If you are looking for the best kidney cancer specialist in New Jersey, look no further than Dr. Ron Israeli in Livingston, New Jersey. He covers all types of urology and cancer treatment services. To learn more about Dr. Ron Israeli and how he can treat your kidney cancer, contact us today.