What is a Kidney Stone?
Kidney Stones are small, hard deposits that form inside of the kidneys. These stones are made of mineral and acid salts. Kidney stones have many causes and can affect any part of your urinary tract—from your kidneys to your bladder. Often, stones form when the urine becomes concentrated, allowing minerals to crystallize and stick together. Symptoms of kidney stones are usually present and painful. They include pain in the side of the back below the ribs, lower abdomen, groin. Pain may fluctuate in intensity or come in waves. Many that suffer with kidney stones also complain of pain during urination, cloudy or foul smelling urine, nausea and vomiting, persistent urge to urinate, and fever or chills when an infection is also present.
Kidney Stone Treatment in New Jersey
One of the treatments used for kidney stones is shock wave lithotripsy. This therapy uses a machine called a lithotripter to crush the kidney stones. The patient lies on a table or in a tub of water above the machine. The machine then generates shock waves that pass through the person’s body to break the kidney stones into smaller pieces so that they can easily move through the urinary tract and pass. Patients prefer this method because there is a low risk for infection, it is non invasive, the procedure only takes about 1 hour on an outpatient basis, and there are very low incidences of complications. Side effects include tissue damage, scar formation, long-term loss of functional renal tissue, parenchyma bleeding, and mild to severe sub-capsular hematomas.
Ureteroscopy For Kidney Stones
Ureteroscopy is another procedure in which a ureteroscope, a long tube-like instrument with an eyepiece, is used to find and retrieve the stone with a small basket or break the stone up with laser energy. The urologist removes the stone or, if the stone is large, uses a flexible fiber attached to a laser generator to break the stone into smaller pieces that can pass out of the body in the urine. The advantages of this procedure are that it is non-invasive, a substitute for drug-therapy, treats stones undetected by x-rays, and allows complete kidney access. Side effects include blood in urine, pain in kidneys, pain in bladder and urethra, stent discomfort, and puncturing or tearing the wall of the urethra or urinary bladder.
Treatment of Kidney Stones in New Jersey
If you think you might have a kidney stone, immediately contact the staff at Ron S Israeli MD, PC . They will guide you to the right treatment to get rid of the stones so that you can find comfort again.