What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is the inflammation or infection of the prostate gland. This inflammation results in swelling, pain, urination problems, sexual dysfunction, feelings of tiredness and depression, and sometimes it presents no symptoms at all.

Types of Prostatitis

There are four types of prostatitis; the most common is Chronic Prostatitis, a non-bacterial inflammation of the prostate with no known cause.  Chronic Prostatitis means that the symptoms have been present for at least three months. Symptoms of long-term pain and urinary difficulties are common signs of chronic Prostatitis. This includes blood presence in the urine and/or semen, pain in the genital area or lower back region, pain with bowel movements, pain with ejaculation, and pain accompanying urination. Treatment for Prostatitis is difficult because there is no known cause; therefore treatment aims to alleviate the symptoms. Usually doctors recommend anti-inflammatory drugs to relax the muscles and alleviate pain experienced.

Acute Bacterial Prostatitis

Another type is Acute Bacterial Prostatitis. This form is the most easily recognized, because this Prostatitis is due to a sudden bacterial infection with many symptoms present. Acute bacterial Prostatitis may occur for a myriad of reasons, including urinary tract infection, a sexually transmitted infection (STI), bladder problems, or urinary blockages. Symptoms include fever, chills, flushing of the skin, weak urine stream, pain or burning with urination, and foul smelling urine. Most people with acute bacterial Prostatitis experience some type of symptom.

Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis

There is also Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis, where the bacteria grows slowly and is less severe that acute bacterial prostatitis. It is characterized by recurrent urinary tract infections in men. Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis has all of the same symptoms as Acute Bacterial Prostatitis, but the symptoms last much longer and are less severe. Usually antibiotics are prescribed when symptoms flare up to control the infection.

Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis

The last type of prostatitis is Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis. It presents no symptoms and can only be diagnosed when the patient is being evaluated for unrelated causes. A doctor will know a patient has this type of Prostatitis because infection fighting cells will be present in semen. There is no treatment for Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis.

Prostatitis Treatment in New Jersey

Prostatitis is one of the most common urological diseases in the United States, affecting upwards of 50% of men in their lifetime.  Men should seek a medical exam if they are experiencing any symptoms. The staff at Ron S Israeli MD, PC will take all of the necessary steps to address your symptoms so you can go back to living a healthy and comfortable life. Contact us today to get started!