While urology is the study of disease in male and female urinary tracts and oncology deals with the treatment of cancer – a urologist oncologist specializes in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in the urinary system. This includes areas of the male and female urinary tract and male reproductive organs such as the prostate, testicles, and adrenal glands.
Types of Urologic Cancer
Adrenal cancer is a rare disease that originates in the adrenal glands, located on top of the kidneys. The most common type of adrenal cancer develops in the adrenal cortex and is called adrenocortical carcinoma. The cause of adrenal cancer is unknown and most cases do not have identifiable risk factors. Some common symptoms of adrenal cancer include fever, persistent abdominal pain, an abdominal mass able to be felt with the fingers, feeling full, and weight loss.
The actual causes of bladder cancer are unknown although the disease is associated with exposure to tobacco and certain chemicals, particularly aniline dyes. The most common sign of bladder cancer is blood in the urine (hematuria). Other signs and symptoms may include having to urinate more often, difficulty initiating or stopping urine flow, weak or interrupted urine flow, painful urination.
Although there have been no definitive causes of kidney cancer determined by doctors, there are a number of different kidney causing factors that can inspire the development of the disease. One of the first major risk factors for kidney cancer is age. People over the age of 40 suffer from kidney cancer more often than young adults and children. People who smoke have a higher risk than nonsmokers, and the risk is higher for those who have smoked for a long time. Using certain pain medications, having high blood pressure, or are obese may all increase the risk of kidney cancer.
Responsible for reproductive and urinary functions, the prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men. In the early stages of prostate cancer, it is not uncommon for there to be no apparent symptoms. If cancer progresses, you may experience trouble urinating, frequent need to urinate, discomfort or pain when urinating and ejaculating, and impotence. More advanced prostate cancer can involve unexpected urination, back pain, and bone fractures from a weakened bone.
Testicular cancer is one of the more rare types of cancer, but still the most common among males ages 15 to 35. Similar to some other types of cancer, there is still no distinct cause of testicular cancer but it is extremely treatable. Risk factors for testicular cancer include a family history of cancer, abnormal testicular development, or have an undescended testicle.
Urology Oncology Treatments
Chemotherapy involves medication to destroy malignant cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide. Systemic chemotherapy is delivered through the bloodstream to reach cancer cells throughout the body. Although effective in killing cancer cells, there are many side effects and risks to chemotherapy. These risks include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hair loss, loss of appetite, fever, infertility, and nerve damage.
Immunotherapy is a treatment of immunotherapeutic allergy shots, designed to boost the body’s natural defenses to fight cancer. The treatment uses materials from the body or from a laboratory to improve, target, or restore immune system function. Side effects of immunotherapy include fatigue, swelling at injection site, nausea, diarrhea, and fever. Kidney cancer is one of the few cancers that the body’s immune system can fight, making immunotherapy very effective in treating kidney cancer.
Laparoscopic surgery involves a surgeon making several small incisions in the body to insert telescopic operating equipment. Once inside these keyhole incisions, surgeons can remove or treat the afflicted area. This procedure is preferred among patients because it is minimally invasive and has a much shorter recovery time than the traditional surgery. Surgical risks include redness, swelling, fever or chills, bleeding, pain around the incision, and vomiting.
Urological Oncology in New Jersey
If you or someone you know has been experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, contact Dr. Ron Israeli. Dr. Ron and his dedicated team are committed to providing the best urological cancer treatment to all of their patients. For more information about urological oncology and the other services we provide, please contact us today!